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SAP Basis/Netweaver Tutorials, Monitoring, Administration(Certification) and FAQs


Tuesday, 14 June 2011

what is spool overflow ? How to troubleshoot spool overflow issue ?

This article answers the following queries :

  • What is spool overflow ?
  • How to troubleshoot spool overflow ?
  • How to delete old spool requests ?
  • How to avoid spool overflow issue ?
  • How to check spool numbers?
  • How to set the spool number in SAP ?
  • How to define storage location (Temse) of spool requests ?


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What is spool overflow ? :

Spool request that got generated are stored in a temporary sequential file called Temse. Please note that these are stored in Temse because these are not stored permanently. The size of the Temse is limited by the parameter definition.
The default size of Temse is 32,000 and it can be increased till 2 billion. However, defining very high value can effect the database performance. Due to limited storage capacity of Temse, when this file got full, this throws an SAP spool overflow error.

If this happens, customers could not print from SAP. If you check in SM21 and ST22 transactions, you may encounter some error log or dumps like

  • ERROR IN SPOOL call : SPOOL OVERFLOW
  • SPOOL_INTERNAL_ERROR
  • System internal error in the spool system
How to troubleshoot spool overflow ?

To resolve this spool issue, some of the old spools can be deleted from the sap system. Goto transaction SPAD. From the initial screen, navigate to Administration -> Clean_up_spool. Once you click this, Spool Administration : Delete old spool requests screen will be displayed.
In that screen, you will be prompted to choose requests for deletion like

  • Old spool requests older than the maximum set age
  • Requests already printed
  • All spool requests
and enter value for minimum age (in days) text box.








Select the check boxes as per the requirement (eg:  delete all requests already printed and minimum age in days equal to 30 days) and execute to delete old spool requests, which will clear Temse and will resolve spool over flow issue.

Apart from this there are others ways of resolving spool overflow issue. They are

1) Run the report RSPO0041 from SE38 transaction to delete old spool requests








2) Run the report RSPO0043 from SE38 transaction, which checks the Temse/spool consistency and reorganizes the spool







How to avoid spool overflow issue ?

  • These reports RSPO0041 and RSPO0043 should be scheduled as background jobs with proper variants on a periodic basis which avoids spool overflow issue.

  • You can try to increase the spool numbers from default 32000 to a bit higher value but please note donot set this too high as it may impact database performance

  • Proactive monitoring check can be made in RZ20 transaction to see how much is the fill level of spool numbers.
          How to check spool numbers ?

          To check spool numbers : Goto RZ20 transaction, navigate to SAP CCMS Monitor Templates -> Spool System.







Here you can check the status of spool servers and the used numbers percentage of spool numbers. If you find that used numbers is greater than 80%, you can manually run above mentioned reports or delete old spool requests from SPAD tcode as mentioned earlier.

How to set the spool number in SAP ?

Using Transaction SNRO (Number range object maintenance) and object SPO_NUM, you can set the spool number in an SAP system.










Once you provide object as SPO_NUM, click on change icon. It displays another screen. In that screen, click on Number Ranges push button. It displays another screen "Number range for spooler numbers". Click on change icon here and set the value of spooler(from number and to number). Please note that a change request may be generated here based on the client settings(if automatic recording of changes is set in SCC4 transaction of the client)

How to define storage location (Temse) of spool requests ?

Every Temse object contains a header in TST01 table and the actual object. This can be either stored in table TST03 or in file system. You can set a parameter rspo/store_location in RZ10 to define whether to store Temse objects  TST03 table or in filesystem.

If value G is set to this parameter, it will be stored in filesystem and if it is db it is stored in TST03 table.








59 comments:

  1. Hello Durga Prasad,

    I am visiting this blog for the first time and I must say its mind blowing. Thanks for sharing the articles.


    Hope you contribute more for OUR growth.

    ReplyDelete
  2. Hi friend..thanks a lot for your sweet comments :-)

    ReplyDelete
  3. hi
    durgaprasad
    your explanation is osam..thaxs lot..

    ReplyDelete
  4. Thanks Sandeep for your nice comment

    ReplyDelete
  5. Really Goood coverage. Thanks for sharing..

    ReplyDelete
  6. really very good..
    really awesome experience
    TNX DurgaPrasad

    ReplyDelete
  7. HI DurgaPrasad,
    your collection in basis is anonymous.
    Request you to please upload netweaver and new dimention product doc related to basis

    ReplyDelete
  8. HI Durga Prasad,

    Its awesome.

    ReplyDelete
  9. Hi, Durga this is really great

    ReplyDelete
  10. Hi, Durga this is really great

    ReplyDelete
  11. Thanks a lot Durga..

    ReplyDelete
  12. Hi durpgaprasad
    if you have any document regarding how we can disable sap reference img

    ReplyDelete
  13. It is very benefit for me.Thanks a lot Durgaprasad.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. HI Durga,

      Thanks for your document on the spool issues as we are aware many poeple are not that much experts in Spool and sure it hepls a lot to any one.

      Delete
  14. Thanks frnd for your nice comments

    ReplyDelete
  15. Thanks for your document with screenshots

    Regards
    Venkat

    ReplyDelete
  16. Thanks for the info, to add a follow on question, I have old temse files that i can't seem to delete. i have run the spool deletes based on the days, I have run the HR temse delete too,but I still see temse objects from 2 years ago. Is there a way to find and delete them. I have tried basically all the RSPO___ programs with no luck.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Hi frnd, While running RSPO**** programs, please make sure, you provide "Minimum age in days" value accurately as per your requirement and run.

      Delete
  17. It was mind blowing and i got a idea on how to start troubleshooting with spool..Thanks for the document.

    ReplyDelete
  18. Thanks for the very good document.It was very clear in understanding.

    Regards,
    Archana Vijay

    ReplyDelete
  19. Nice article

    but would like to add that for clearing of spool requests,
    we have now newer report called RSPO1041 instead of RSPO0041.

    frum

    ReplyDelete
  20. Hi DurgaPrasad,
    Excellent Job.

    Thank you

    ReplyDelete
  21. Please share step by step Implementation of ECC6.0 n post configuration.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Hi Jitendra, yes will do in a separate article

      Delete
  22. Hi DurgaPrased,

    Regarding the above post, can you please tell me how to change the size of the number of jobs from 32000 to something greater as you have mentioned up.

    Thanks.

    M

    ReplyDelete
  23. Hi Manishd,

    Please refer below section in the blog above.

    How to set the spool number in SAP ?

    In this section, i have explained how to change parameter using SNRO transaction code

    ReplyDelete
  24. i mailed u a question please let me know the answer durga garu,,, regarding ewa in 7.1. please reply me

    ReplyDelete
  25. Thank you Durga for very informative blog. Could you please explain how to setup printer server in sap system.
    Thanks again
    Syed

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Thanks..will do in a separate article

      Delete
  26. Ultimate Mindblowing.

    :)

    ReplyDelete
  27. Good very good blog

    ReplyDelete
  28. Hi Durga prasad,

    This blog is very very helpful for me and can you please post the system specific monitoring and troubleshooting issues like(SCM,SRM,BI/BW,PI/XI,CRM,Portal)

    suppose i will take BI/BW system
    In BW system specific reports run in btc mode ,status will check in sm37 but which stage the report is failed?
    we can go for a Tr---RSPC

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Certainly ...will post more prasad

      Delete
  29. first time i visited this blog i had an interview by seeing this blog makes me comfortable really awesome...thanx Durgaprasad

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Am touched with this comment..Am happy that my blog is helping people like you..This type of feedback motivates me to spend more time on blog from my busy schedule !

      Delete
  30. Replies
    1. hello sir ....i must say your blog is very useful for job seekers,i was not as good in sap for some time back..but thanks to u to made me as good as others..god bless u..thks again for such a wonderful blog.

      Delete
  31. thanks sir its tremendous

    ReplyDelete
  32. TEMSE size is in mb's or kb's?

    ReplyDelete
  33. Very useful !

    ReplyDelete
  34. Hi Guru Prasada

    Can you please roll in and roll out and also wait time and response time :ST03n t-code..workload analysis

    ReplyDelete
  35. Hi Durga Prasad,

    Can you please tell me about ST03n workload analysis

    Regarding:Roll in ,Roll out ,wait time ,response time

    ReplyDelete
  36. Hi Durga Prasad,

    Can you Please tell us the Interview questions for above 3+ Years of experience.

    Thanks in Advance.

    ReplyDelete
  37. awesome explanation by durgaprasad

    ReplyDelete
  38. Really helpfull..thank you very much :)

    ReplyDelete
  39. excellent. good work


    -krishna

    ReplyDelete
  40. Hi Durga,

    It's really WIKIPEDIA blog for SAP Basis freshers and even experience people. All most all topics are covered and explanation is superb.

    ReplyDelete
  41. Dear Durga,

    seriously i loved it. thank you for sharing a wonderful blog.

    Kiran...

    ReplyDelete
  42. Hi Durga prasad,

    This blog is very very helpful for me and i learned sap basis course now i want to attend interviews which type of questions they will ask as experienced.

    ReplyDelete